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floating-point format

I went and read the Fortran-77 standard, so now I understand Guy's

This mess consists of several sections, separated by rows of dashes:
Guy's proposal (from the memorial day ballot); a condensed form of
the Fortran FORMAT-statement documentation; my suggestions; and the
documentation for ~$ as its exists now in the Lisp machine (Scribe
commands and all).
16. Guy proposes the following treatment of floating point in FORMAT:


The meanings of the arguments are exactly as for the FORTRAN-77
language as described in chapter 13 of the FORTRAN-77 standard,
with the following exceptions and extensions:

(a) The scale factor p is an explicit parameter, rather than being
established be a separate preceding directive.  For ~F, p defaults to 0,
and for ~E and ~G it defaults to 1.  (In FORTRAN p always defaults
to 0.)

(b) If w is omitted, then the output is variable-width, and never
produces a field of asterisks; the other parameters are observed,
however.  So "~,2F" will always print exactly two digits after the
decimal point, and prints as many as necessary to the left of
the decimal point.

(c) If d is omitted then as many digits are produced as necessary
to preserve the information content of the number, except that if
w is specified then the width constraint it imposes overrides this
consideration.  (Thus if both are omitted we get free-format output.)

(d) The format operation formerly called ~G will henceforth be called ~@*.